Projectile Point Identification Guide

 Stemmed Projectile Points of North America

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Name Picture Shape Size Cultural Period Validity
Abbey Stemmed to Expanding Stem Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Adder Orchard Stemmed Medium Late Archaic to Woodland Valid Type
Adena Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Woodland Valid Type
Adena Narrow Blade Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Woodland Valid Type
Adena Robins
AKA: Robins
Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Woodland Valid Type
Adena Snapped Base Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Woodland Collector Type
Afton Stemmed
AKA: Pentagonal Knife (Ohio River Valley)
Stemmed to Expanding Stem, Medium to Large Late Archaic Valid Type
Alachua Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Alberta Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Alkali Stemmed Small Developmental / Late Prehistory Valid Type
Amargosa Type I
AKA for Ventana Amargosa
Stemmed Small to Medium Middle Archaic AKA Type
Angostura Thrall
AKA for Thrall
Stem Medium to Large Early Archaic AKA Type
Angostura Victoria
AKA for Victoria
Stemmed Lanceolate Medium to Large Transitional Paleo Valid Type
Appalachian Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic Valid Type
Archaic Stemmed Stemmed Small to Medium Middle Archaic Collector Type
Archusa Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic Provisional Type
Arredondo Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Ashley Stemmed Small Mississippian Valid Type
Ashley Chocoville
AKA: Chocoville
Stemmed Small to Medium Mississippian Valid Type
Bajada Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Baker Stemmed to Bifurcated Small to Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Bare Creek
AKA for Gatecliff Split Stem
Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Sub-type or AKA for Gatecliff Split Stem
Bare Island Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Barreal Stemmed Small Early Archaic Provisional Type
Basal Double Tang Stemmed Medium Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Beachum Stemmed Small to Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Bear Stemmed Medium to Large Norton Tradition Valid Type
Benton Auriculate / Notched Base
AKA for Buzzard Roost Creek
Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic AKA Type
Benton Broad Stem Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Benton Narrow Blade Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Sub-Type for Benton
Big Valley Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Bluff
AKA for Datil
Stemmed Small Late Archaic AKA Type
Bonham Stemmed Small Mississippian / Late Pre-History Valid Type
Borax Lake Stemmed Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Bradley Spike Stemmed Small to Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Brazo
AKA for Darl Stemmed
Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic AKA Type
Briar Creek
AKA for Guilford Stemmed
Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic AKA Type
Broad River Stemmed Medium Woodland Valid Type
Broward Stemmed to Expanding Stemmed Medium to Large Woodland to Mississippian Valid Type
Buck Creek Stemmed Medium
Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Bucks Lake Stemmed Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Sub-type for Borax Lake
Buffalo Stemmed Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Buggs Island Stemmed Small to Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Bulbar Stemmed Small Late Prehistory to Historic Valid Type
Bulverde Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Burkett Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Burwell Stemmed Small Late Archaic Valid Type
Buzzard Roost Creek
AKA Benton Auriculate
Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Calapooya
AKA: Calapooia, Kalapuya, Fern Valley
Stemmed to Contra Small Developmental to Historic Valid Type
Calvert Stemmed Small to Medium Early Woodland Valid Type
Camus Valley
Gunther Barbed Sub-type
Stemmed Small Developmental to Classic Collector Type
Carrolton Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Catahoula Stemmed Small to Medium Mississippian / Late Prehistoric Valid Type
Charco Stemmed to Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Chippean Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Provisional Type
Chocoville
AKA: Ashley Chocoville
Stemmed Small to Medium Mississippian Valid Type
Church Hill Stemmed Medium Early Archaic Provisional Type
Cibolo Knife Stemmed Large Archaic Collector Type
Conawago Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Provisional Type (may be same as, or sub-type of the Fox Creek type)
Coosa Stemmed Stemmed Medium Woodland Valid Type
Copper Stemmed (varies) Medium to Large Middle Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Cornelius Stemmed Medium Early Woodland Valid Type
Coryell
AKA: Texas Kirk and Large Stemmed Wells
Stemmed Medium Early to Middle Archaic Collector Type
Cotaco Creek Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Cotaco Wright
AKA for Wright
Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Collector Type
Cottonbridge Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Cresap Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Crooked Creek
(Indiana)
Stemmed Medium Terminal Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Dagger Stemmed Small Historic Subtype for Klickitat
Dagger Knife Stemmed Large to Very Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Dallas Stemmed Stemmed Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Datil
AKA: Bluff
Stemmed Small Late Archaic Valid Type
Dawson Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Delphi Stemmed to Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Denton Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Desert Stemmed
AKA for Rose Springs Stemmed
Stemmed Small Developmental AKA Type
Dewart Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Collector Type
Dismal Swamp Stemmed Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Dolores Stemmed Stemmed Small Developmental
Pueblo I to Pueblo II
Valid Type
Dryoff
AKA Dryoff-Levin
Stemmed Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Duncan   Stemmed / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Duncan's Island   Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Provisional Type
Duran   Stemmed to Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Dustin Stemmed to Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Early Stemmed Lanceolate Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Eastern Stemmed Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Generic Type
Eden
AKA: Yuma
Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Eden Eared Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Egypt Mills Stemmed Medium Late Archaic More Information Needed
Elam Stemmed Small Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Elk River Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Elora Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Empire Stemmed Stemmed Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Provisional Type
Escobas Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Etley Stemmed to Expanding Stem Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Florence Stemmed to Contracting Stem Medium to Large Woodland Provisional Type
Fourth of July Complex Stemmed to Lanceolate Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Fox Creek / Shelby Bay Stemmed Medium Woodland Valid Type
Fox Creek Stemmed
AKA for Steubenville
Stemmed Medium to Large Early Archaic AKA for the Steubenville Point
Fox River Valley Stemmed
(More Information Needed)
Stemmed      
Fresnal Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Provisional Type
Gatecliff Split Stem
Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Genesee Stemmed Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Gila River
AKA: Snaketown Barbed
Stemmed Small to Medium Developmental Valid Type
Gower Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Guadalupe Stemmed to Expanding Stem Medium Transitional Archaic to Developmental Provisional Type
Gypsy Stemmed Small to Medium Woodland Valid Type
Hamilton Stemmed Medium to Large Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Hanna Stemmed to Expanding Stem Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Holland Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Hollenberg Stemmed Medium to Large Early Archaic Collector Type
Holmes
AKA: Savannah River Narrow Stem
Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic Provisional Type
Hoover's Island Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Collector Type
Horse Fly Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Howard Stemmed Small Mississippian Valid Type
Hoxie Stemmed Lanceolate Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Jay Stemmed Medium to Large Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Jessup Stemmed Medium Early Archaic Provisional Type
Jetta Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Johnson Stemmed Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Jude Stemmed Small Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Kampsville Stemmed / Basal Notch Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Kavik Contracting Stem
AKA: Kio-Kut and Athapaskan Stemmed
Contracting Stem to Stemmed Small Athapaskan Culture Valid Type
Kays Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Kayuk
(Denbigh Variant)
Stemmed Small to Medium Artic Small Tool Tradition Valid Type
Kent Stemmed Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Kirk Serrated Stemmed Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Kirk Snapped Base Stemmed Medium to Large Early Archaic Collector Type
Kirk Stemmed Stemmed Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Kirk (Serrated) Stemmed Bifurcated Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Kittatinny Stemmed Small Middle Archaic Valid Type
Kramer Stemmed Medium Lanceolate Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
La Jita Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Lagoon Stemmed Small to Medium Middle Woodland Valid Type
Lake Erie Stemmed / Bifurcated Small Early Archaic Valid Type
Lamoka Stemmed to Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Lampasas
AKA for Zephyr
Expanding Stem to Stemmed Medium Early to Middle Archaic AKA Type
Lange Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Larson
Name for Scottsbluff points found in Larson Cache
Stemmed Medium Transitional Paleo Site (Cache) Specific
LeCroy Stemmed / Bifurcated Small Early Archaic Valid Type
Ledbetter Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Lehigh Stemmed Medium to Large Woodland Provisional Type
Leimbach Stemmed Medium to Large Woodland Collector Type
Levy
AKA: Florida Archaic Stemmed
Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Limestone Stemmed Small to Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Lind Coulee Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo Valid Type
Little Bear Creek Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Little Lake
AKA for Pinto Basin
Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic AKA Type
Livermore Stemmed to Expanding Stem Small Prehistory / Developmental Valid Type
Liverpool Stemmed Medium to Large Early Woodland Valid Type
Lone Oak Stemmed Medium Questionable
Early Archaic
or
Woodland
Valid Type
Lone Tree Stemmed Medium Terminal Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Lufkin Stemmed to Contracting Stem Large Late Archaic to Woodland Collector Type
Macon Stemmed Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Mansion Inn
Colburn Variant
Stemmed Medium to Large Early Woodland Valid Type
Marymount
AKA: Malaga Cove Stemmed
Stemmed Small Developmental - Late Prehistory Valid Type
McWhinney Heavy Stem Stemmed Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Merrimack Stemmed Small to Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Monocacy Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Provisional Type
Moran Stemmed Small Late Prehistory Valid Type
Morhiss Stemmed Medium to Large Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Morrill Stemmed Medium Middle to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Moyock Stemmed Small to Medium Late Archaic Provisional Type
Mulberry Creek Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Neches River Stemmed Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Nettleton Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Provisional Type
New Market Stemmed Small to Medium Woodland Valid Type
Nolan Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Notchaway Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Woodland Collector Type
Oakalla Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Collector Type
Otarre Stemmed Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Panamint Stemmed
Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo Valid Type
Parman Stemmed Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Penwah Slough Stemmed Small to Medium Late Prehistoric / Mississippian Collector Type
Pequea Stemmed to Expanding Stem Medium to Large Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Pickwick Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Piedmont Northern Variety Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Collector Type
Piney Island Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Pinto Basin Barbed Shoulder Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Pinto Basin Sloping Shoulder Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Pinto Basin Square Shoulder Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Pinto Basin Shoulderless Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Plott Short Stem Stemmed Medium Early Woodland Valid Type
Pogo Stemmed to Contracting Stem Large Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Pontchartrain Type I Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Pontchartrain Type II Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Potts Stemmed   Middle Woodland Valid Type
Rappahannock River Stemmed Medium Late Archaic Collector Type
Red River Knife Stemmed Medium Transitional Paleo Valid Type
Rheems Creek Stemmed Small to Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Rice Lanceolate
AKA for Searcy
Stemmed Lanceolate Small to Medium Middle Archaic AKA Type
Rio Grande Stemmed to Contracting Stem Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Rochester Stemmed Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Rose Springs Sloping Shoulder Stemmed Small Late Prehistoric / Developmental Valid Type
Rose Springs Stemmed
AKA: Desert Stemmed
Stemmed Small Late Prehistoric / Developmental Valid Type
Rossi Square Stem Stemmed Medium to Large Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Rowlett Stemmed Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Sand Hill Stemmed Small Woodland Valid Type
Sandia Type I Stemmed Medium Paleo Controversial / Problematic Type
Sandia Type II Stemmed Medium Paleo Controversial / Problematic Type
Saratoga Broad Blade Stemmed Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Saratoga Parallel Stem Stemmed Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Sauvies Island Shoulder Notch Stemmed Small to Medium Transitional Archaic to Classic Collector Type
Sauvies Island Hafting Notch Stemmed Small to Medium Transitional Archaic to Classic Collector Type
Savannah River Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Savannah River Narrow Stem
AKA for Holmes
Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic Provisional Type
Savannah River Small Stemmed Small to Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Scherschel Stemmed Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Scottsbluff Type I Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo Valid Type
Scottsbluff Type II Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo Valid Type
Searcy
AKA: Rice Lanceolate
Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Seminole Stemmed Medium Middle to Late Archaic Collector Type
Shaniko Stemmed Stemmed Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Collector Type
Shelby Ray / Fox Creek Stemmed Medium Woodland Valid Type
Shoals Creek Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic Valid Type
Silver Lake Stemmed Small to Medium Transitional Paleo Valid Type
Six Mile Creek Stemmed to Expanding Stem Medium to Large Early to Middle Archaic Collector Type
Slightly Stemmed Pentagonal Stemmed to Pentagonal Small Late Archaic Provisional Type
Smithsonia Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Snaketown Stemmed Stemmed Small Developmental Valid Type
South Prong Creek Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic Valid Type
Squibnocket Stemmed Stemmed Small to Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Stanislaus Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Stanly Stemmed Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Stanly Narrow Stem Stemmed Medium Early to Middle Archaic Collector Type
Steiner Stemmed Small Mississippian / Late Prehistoric Valid Type
Steubenville Stemmed Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Stockton Stemmed Stemmed Small to Medium Developmental / Late Prehistoric Valid Type
Stone Square Stem Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Stringtown Spurred Stem Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Swannanoa Stemmed Small Early Woodland Valid Type
Tangipahoa Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Provisional Type
Taylor  Stemmed Small to Medium Woodland Valid Type
Texas Kirk
AKA for Coryell
Stemmed Small to Medium Early to Middle Archaic Collector Type / AKA type
Thelma Short Stem Stemmed Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Thonotosassa Stemmed Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Thrall
AKA Angostura Thrall
Stemmed Lanceolate Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Travis
AKA: Straw Stemmed,
Buda
Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Truxton Stemmed Small Developmental Collector Type
Uvalde Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Vaughn Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Vendetta Stemmed Small Developmental to Classic Collector Type
Ventana Amargosa
AKA: Amargosa Type I
Stemmed Small to Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Verkamp Stemmed Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Site Specific
Victoria
AKA: Victoria Angostura
Stemmed Lanceolate Medium to Large Transitional Paleo Valid Type
Wacissa Stemmed Small to Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Wading River Stemmed Small Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Wallula Gap
Wallula Square Stem
Stemmed Small Developmental to Classic Valid Type
Wateree Stemmed Medium Early Woodland Collector Type
Wells
AKA: Adena Wells and Texas Kirk
Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
White Springs Stemmed Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Wills Cove Stemmed Medium Early Woodland Valid Type
Windust Type A Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Windust Type B Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Windust Type C Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Woden Stemmed Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Wright
AKA: Cotaco Wright
Stemmed Medium Woodland Collector Type
Yavapai Stemmed Medium Transitional Archaic to Developmental Collector Type
Yuma
AKA for Eden
Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic AKA Type
Zavala Stemmed Small Late Prehistory to Historic Valid Type
Zorra Stemmed Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type