Projectile Point Identification Guide

Expanding Stem Projectile Points of  North America

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Name Picture Shape Size Cultural Period Validity
Abajo Expanding Stem Small Pueblo I and II Valid Type
Ace of Spades Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic Valid Type
Adams County Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Ahumada
AKA: Pindejo
Expanding Stemmed Small Developmental Valid Type
Alamo Expanding Stemmed Large to Very Large Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Alazan Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medieval Warm Late Prehistoric Provisional Type
Alba Expanding Stemmed Small to Medium Late Woodland to Mississippian Valid Type
Allendale
AKA: MALA (Middle Archaic Late Archaic)
Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Collector Type
(Most professional literature refers to these as MALA points, but the University of Tennessee has referenced this name)
Allison Expanding Stem Medium Woodland Provisional Type
Apple Blossom Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Ashtabula Expanding Stemmed Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Atalissa Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Autauga Expanding Stem Small Early Archaic Valid Type
Aux Arc Expanding Stem Medium Middle Archaic Collector Type
Axtel
AKA: Penny Point
Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Bakers Creek Expanding Stem Small to Medium Woodland Valid Type
Barbeau
AKA for Ferry
Expanding Stem Medium to Large Middle Archaic AKA Type
Basketmaker II
AKA for San Pedro
Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic AKA Type
Basketmaker III
AKA for Trujillo
Expanding Stem Small Developmental AKA Type
Bayou Goula
AKA: Bayougoula
Expanding Stem Small to Medium Mississippian Valid Type
Beacon Island Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Benton Expanding Stem Medium to Very Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Benton Bottleneck Expanding Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Sub-type of Benton
Benton Double Notch Expanding Stemmed Large to Very Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Berclair
AKA: Early Side Notch
Expanding Stem Medium Transitional Paleo Provisional Type
Big Slough Expanding Stemmed Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Black Mesa Expanding Stem Small or Medium Transitional Archaic to Basketmaker II Valid Type
Blevins Expanding Stemmed Small Mississippian Provisional Type
Boggy Branch Type I Expanding Stem Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Boggy Branch Type II Expanding Stem Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Bokoshe
AKA Sallisaw Bokoshe
Expanding Stem Small Mississippian Valid Type
Bolen Type 3 (Long Stem) Expanding Stem Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Bottleneck Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Bradford Expanding Stemmed Medium Woodland Valid Type
Broward Stemmed to Expanding Stemmed Medium to Large Woodland to Mississippian Valid Type
Buffalo Expanding Stem Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Cache Creek Expanding Stem Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Calcasieu Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic Provisional Type
Calvert Expanding Stem Small to Medium Early Woodland Valid Type
Cave Springs Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Cedar Valley Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Chadbourne Expanding Stem Small Late Prehistory Valid Type
Chargin River Expanding Stem Large Early Archaic Provisional Type
Chesser Expanding Stem Medium Woodland Valid Type
Chilcotin Plateau
Corner Notch / Expanding Stem Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type in British Columbia
Collector Type in Oregon

Colbert
AKA: Massard
Expanding Stem Small Mississippian Valid Type
Columbia Expanding Stem Medium to Large Woodland Valid Type
Columbia Plateau Expanding Stem Small to Medium Classic Valid Type
Conejo Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Conrad Expanding Stem Medium Middle Archaic Provisional Type
Convento Expanding Stem Small Prehistoric / Classic Provisional Type
Cossatot River Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Crawford Creek Expanding Stem Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Crawford Knoll Expanding Stem Small Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Culpepper Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Collector Type
Cuney Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small Late Prehistoric to Historic Valid Type
Cypress Creek  Expanding Stem to Corner Notch Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Darl Notched Expanding Stem Medium Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Decatur
AKA: Fracture Base Point
Expanding Stem to Corner Notch Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Delia Notched Base
AKA for Montell
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium to Large Late to Transitional Archaic AKA Type
Dewaele Expanding Stem Medium Mississippian Valid Type
Dolores Expanding Stem Expanding Stem Small Developmental
Pueblo I to Pueblo II
Valid Type
Donaldson Expanding Stem     More Information Needed
Dry Brook Fishtail Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Durant's Bend Expanding Stem Small Woodland to Mississippian Collectors Type
Durst   Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Dustin Stemmed to Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Dutch Harbor Fishtail Expanding Stem Medium to Large Aleutian Tradition Valid Type
Early Side Notch
AKA for Berclair
Expanding Stem Medium Transitional Paleo AKA Type
Early Stemmed Expanding Stemmed Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Elko Eared Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Elko Split Stem Expanding Stemmed Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
En Medio
AKA for San Pedro
Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic AKA Type
Epps Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Woodland to Early Woodland Valid Type
Evans Expanding Stem Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Excelsior Stemmed Expanding Stem Medium Expanding Stem Provisional Type
Fairland Expanding Stem Medium Woodland Valid Type
Ferry
AKA: Barbeau
Expanding Stem Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Fishspear Expanding Stem Medium to Large Woodland Valid Type
Fishtail
AKA for Orient
Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland AKA for the Orient Point
Flint Creek Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Forest Notched Expanding Stem Medium Early Woodland Valid Type
Fort Dodge Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Fox Valley Bifurcated Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Frederick Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Friley Expanding Bifurcated to Contracting Stem Small Prehistoric / Mississippian Valid Type
Friley Blade Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Prehistoric / Mississippian Collector Type
Frio Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Frost Island Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Gadsden Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Woodland to Early Mississippian Valid Type
Garth Slough Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Garver's Ferry Expanding Stem Small Woodland Valid Type
Garza Lott
AKA for Lott
Expanding Stem Small Historic AKA Type
Gilchrist Expanding Stem Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Go Kart
Etley Variant
Expanding Stem Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Godley Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Archaic to Prehistoric / Woodland Valid Type
Hamilton Stemmed Expanding Stem Medium Woodland Valid Type
Hanna Expanding Stem Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Hardin
Expanding Stem Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Hardin Barbed Expanding Stem Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Harpeth River Expanding Stem Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Hatwai Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Hawken Expanding Stem Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Hayes Expanding Stem Small to Medium Mississippian / Late Prehistoric Valid Type
Heavy Duty Expanding Stem Medium to Large Early Archaic Collector Type
Heck Rockshelter Expanding Stem Large Woodland Valid Type
Helton Expanding Stem Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Hixton Expanding Stem Medium to Large Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Holston Side Notch
AKA for Durst
Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic AKA Type
Homan Expanding Stem Small Mississippian / Late Prehistoric Valid Type
Hot Creek Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Hueco
AKA for San Pedro
Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic AKA Type
Hughes Expanding Stem Small to Medium Mississippian Collector Type
Iddins Undifferentiated Stem Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Innes Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Jakie Stemmed
AKA: Jakie Shelter
Expanding Stemmed Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Jergen (MacCorkle)
Site Specific
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Site Specific Type
Jim Thorpe
(More Information Needed)
Expanding Stem      
Kanawha Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Karako
(More Information Needed)
Expanding Stem   Early Archaic  
Kay Blade Expanding Stem Medium to Large Mississippian Collector Type
Kelsey Creek Barbed Expanding Stemmed Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Klickitat Expanding Stem Small Historic Collectors Type
Lackawaxen Expanding Stem Medium to Large Middle Archaic Valid Type
Lamoka Stemmed to Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Long Creek Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle Archaic Site (area) Specific
Lott
AKA: Garza Lott
Expanding Stem Small Last Pre-Historic Valid Type
Lowe Expanding Stem Medium Woodland Valid Type
MacCorkle
AKA: Large Bi-Face
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Macpherson Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic Valid Type
MALA
(Middle Archaic Late Archaic)
AKA: Allendale
Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Massard Expanding Stem Small Late Prehistoric Valid Type
McCoy Expanding Stem Medium Middle Woodland Valid Type
McGillivray Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic Valid Type
McIntire Expanding Stem Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Merom Expanding Stem Small Late Archaic Valid Type
Minocqua Expanding Stem Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Monona Expanding Stem Small to Medium Woodland Valid Type
Montell
AKA: Delia Notched Base
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium to Large Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Motley Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Mount Albion Expanding Stem Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Mountain Fork Expanding Stem Small to Medium Woodland Valid Type
Mud Creek Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Mummy Cave Expanding Stem Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Mund Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Woodland Valid Type
Munker's Creek Expanding Stem Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Nansemond Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Provisional Type
Neosho Expanding Stem Large Mississippian Collector Type
Newmanstown Expanding Stem Medium to Large Middle Archaic Collector Type
Norden
AKA: River Tom
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Provisional Type
Normanskill Expanding Stem Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Northern Hanna Expanding Stem Medium Middle to Late Archaic Collector Type
Nottoway Expanding Stem Small to Medium Historic Collector Type
Nottoway River Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Provisional Type
Orient Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Palmillas Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Pandale
AKA: Pandale Twisted Blade
Expanding Stem Small to Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Paris Island Expanding Stem Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Patrick Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Late Archaic Provisional Type
Patuxent Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic Provisional Type
Perkiomen Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Pipe Creek Expanding Stem Small to Medium Woodland / Late Prehistoric Valid Type
Rice Lobed Expanding Stem /. Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Rockwall
AKA: St. Marion
Expanding Stem Small Late Woodland to Mississippian Valid Type
Rossi Expanding Stem Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Russell Cave Expanding Stem Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Sabinal Expanding Stem Small Late Prehistoric Valid Type
Salt River Expanding Stem Small to Medium Developmental / Late Prehistoric Valid Type
San Jose Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
San Pedro
AKA: En Medio, Hueco, and Basketmaker II
Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Sarasota Expanding Stem Medium Woodland Valid Type
Saratoga Expanding Stem Expanding Stem Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Sattler Expanding Stem Small Developmental / Late Prehistoric Collector Type
Saugeen Expanding Stem Medium Woodland Valid Type
Schild Spike Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Woodland to Mississippian Valid Type
Sequoyah Expanding Stem Small Late Woodland to Early Mississippian Valid Type
Shiver Expanding Stem Expanding Stem Medium Archaic Valid Type
Sinner Expanding Stem Small to Medium Woodland Valid Type
Sleightsberg Expanding Stem Medium Middle Archaic Provisional Type
Socorra Expanding Stem Medium Transitional Archaic Collector Type
Southampton Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Collector Type
Springly Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
St. Albans Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
St. Helena Expanding Stem Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
St. Tammany Expanding Stem Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Stemmed Copena
AKA for Bakers Creek
Expanding Stem Small to Medium Woodland AKA type
Steuben Expanding Stem Small to Medium Woodland Valid Type
Susquehanna Bifurcated
AKA Susquehanna Valley
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Susquehanna Broad Spear Expanding Stem to Side Notch Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Swan Lake Expanding Stem Small Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Sykes Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Sylvan Lake Side Notch to Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Table Rock Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic Valid Type
Tappan Expanding Stem Medium Late Archaic Provisional Type
Taunton River Bifurcated
AKA: Titicut Bifurcated
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Tipton Expanding Stem to Corner Notch Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Tocks Island Expanding Stem Medium to Large Middle Woodland Valid Type
Trimble
(Riverton Series)
Expanding Stem Small Late Archaic Valid Type
Turner Expanding Stem Small to Medium Mississippian / Late Prehistoric Collector Type
Union Expanding Stem Small to Medium Middle Woodland Provisional Type
Vernon Expanding Stem Small to Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Vertienes Stemmed Expanding Stem Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Wade Expanding Stem to Basal Notched Medium Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Wapanucket Expanding Stem Medium to Very Large Middle Archaic Collector Type
Wayland Expanding Stem Medium to Large Late Archaic to Early Woodland Valid Type
Weems Expanding Stem Medium Early Woodland Valid Type
Wendover Expanding Stem Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Wilson
AKA: Early Stemmed
Expanding Stem Medium Transitional Paleo Valid Type
Yarbrough Expanding Stem Medium Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Yonkee Expanding Stem Medium Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Zepher / Mahomet
AKA: Lampassas
Expanding Stem to Stemmed Medium Transitional Archaic Valid Type