Projectile Point Identification Guide

Bifurcated Projectile Points of  North America

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Name Picture Shape Size Cultural Period Validity
Adams County Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Alazan Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medieval Warm Late Prehistoric Provisional Type
Anaqua Corner Notch /Bifurcated Small Transitional Archaic to Prehistoric Valid Type
Avonlea Carmichael
AKA: Carmichael
Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Late Woodland / Developmental Valid Type
Avonlea Gull Lake
AKA: Gull Lake
Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Late Woodland / Developmental Valid Type
Baker Stemmed to Bifurcated Small to Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Bare Creek
AKA for Gatecliff Split Stem
Stemmed /Bifurcated Medium Late Archaic Sub-type or AKA for Gatecliff Split Stem
Basal Double Tang Stemmed /Bifurcated Medium Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Big Sandy Contracting Base / Big Sandy Auriculate Side Notch / Bifurcated Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Carmichael
AKA for Avonlea Carmichael
Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Late Woodland / Developmental AKA Type
Carrizo Triangle / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Cave Springs Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Chipola Auriculate / Bifurcated Small to Medium Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Chiricahua Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Cossatot River Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium to Large Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Culpepper Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Collector Type
Cuney Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small Late Prehistoric to Historic Valid Type
Delia Notched Base
AKA for Montell
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium to Large Late to Transitional Archaic AKA Type
Duncan   Stemmed / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Eastgate Split Stem Basal Notch / Bifurcated Small Developmental / Late Prehistory Valid Type
Edwards Corner Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Woodland / Prehistoric Valid Type
Elko Eared Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Elko Split Stem Expanding Stemmed / Bifurcated Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Ensor Frio
Ensor Split Stem
Corner Notch / Bifurcated Medium to Large Transitional Archaic Collector Type
Fox Valley Bifurcated Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Frederick Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Friley Expanding Bifurcated to Contracting Stem Small Prehistoric / Mississippian Valid Type
Friley Blade Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Prehistoric / Mississippian Collector Type
Frio Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Gadsden Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Woodland to Early Mississippian Valid Type
Garth Slough Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Garza Triangle / Bifurcated Small Late Prehistoric / Classic Valid Type
Garza Lott
AKA for Lott
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small Historic AKA Type
Gatecliff Split Stem
Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Gower Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Gull Lake
AKA for Avonlea Gull Lake
Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Late Woodland / Developmental AKA Type
Hanna Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Hardaway Bifurcated Small to Medium Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type
Hardaway Palmer Bifurcated Small to Medium Early Archaic Collector Type
Hoxie Stemmed Lanceolate / Bifurcated Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Humboldt Basal Notch Lanceolate / Bifurcated Small to Medium  Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Jalama Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Jergen (MacCorkle)
Site Specific
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic
Site Specific Type
Jetta Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Kanawha Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Kirk (Serrated) Stemmed Bifurcated Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium to Large Early Archaic Valid Type
Lake Erie Stemmed / Bifurcated Small Early Archaic Valid Type
Large Bi-Face
AKA: MacCorkle
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic AKA for MacCorkle
LeCroy Stemmed / Bifurcated Small Early Archaic Valid Type
Long Creek Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle Archaic Site (area) Specific
Lott
AKA: Garza Lott
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small Last Pre-Historic Valid Type
Lycoming County Corner Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
MacCorkle
AKA: Large Bi-Face
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Mallory Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Martindale
AKA: Martindale Fishtail
Corner Notch / Bifurcated Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
McKean Lanceolate / Bifurcated Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Merrybelle Bifurcated (Var. III) Bifurcated Small to Medium Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Montell
AKA: Delia Notched Base
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium to Large Late to Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Morris Side Notch / Bifurcated Small Mississippian Valid Type
Nansemond Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Provisional Type
Norden
AKA: River Tom
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Provisional Type
Nottoway River Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Provisional Type
Oley Corner Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Woodland Collector Type
Oxbow
AKA: Parkdale (Minnesota)
Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle Archaic Valid Type
Parkdale
AKA for Oxbow
Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Middle Archaic AKA type
Patrick Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Late Archaic Provisional Type
Pedernales Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium to Large Transitional Archaic Valid Type
Penns Creek Corner Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Pinto Basin Barbed Shoulder Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Pinto Basin Sloping Shoulder Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Pinto Basin Square Shoulder Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Pinto Basin Shoulderless Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Late Archaic Valid Type
Pocola Side Notch / Bifurcated Small Late Woodland to Early Mississippian Valid Type
Priest Rapids Corner Notch / Bifurcated Medium Transitional Archaic Collector Type
Rice Lobed Expanding Stem /. Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Russell Cave Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Sallisaw Side Notch / Bifurcated Small Mississippian Valid Type
Salt River Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Small to Medium Developmental / Late Prehistoric Valid Type
San Rafael Side Notch / Bifurcated Medium Middle to Late Archaic Valid Type
Southampton Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Collector Type
St. Albans Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Stanly Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Early to Middle Archaic Valid Type
Susquehanna Bifurcated
AKA Susquehanna Valley
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Swift Current Fishtail Side Notch / Bifurcated Small to Medium Developmental Valid Type
Taunton River Bifurcated
AKA: Titicut Bifurcated
Expanding Stem / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Turin Side Notch / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Uvalde Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium Early Archaic Valid Type
Windust Type C Stemmed / Bifurcated Medium to Large Transitional Paleo to Early Archaic Valid Type