Name Details:
Named By James B. Griffin
Named For:  Type Site
Date Identified:  1970
Type Site:  Norton Mounds Site (Hopewell Indian Mound Park), Michigan
Cluster: Snyders Cluster

Commonly Utilized Material:

Cultural Period:   
 2,100 - 1,700 B.P.
Middle Woodland
Roman Warm
Hopewell Culture

Glacial Period:

Outline is Representative of Common Size and Shape:

Description of Physical Characteristics and Flaking Pattern:

This is a triangular medium to large corner notch point with a flattened cross section.   The blade is primarily excurvate with broader points having an ovoid shape.  The shoulders are most commonly broad.  However, this point has a wide notch which may change the shoulders to having an upward taper.  The stem is expanding with a convex base.  This point has a random flaking.    

Size Measurements:
  Data Needed, see Snyders



























































Distribution Comments:

This point is primarily found in the Ohio River Valley and Great Lakes regions in areas associated with the Hopewell Culture.

Similar Points:
Amos, Becker, Big Creek, Cupp, Dayton, Epps, Helton, Kings, Kirk Corner Notch, Lafayette, Motley, St Charles Dovetail, Stilwell, Thebes, Warrick
Related / Associated Points:
Affis Snyders, Grand, Hopewell, Mackinaw, Manker, North Blade, Ross, Ross Blade, Snyders
Additional Comments:

These points may have served many different purposes from knives to scrappers or points to ceremonial objects.  The Snyders point has many different variations that served different purposes or covered different time spans.  It is felt that the Hopewell and Snyders points may have been used in ceremonial purposes while the Affis Snyders point and the Manker point were more of the daily use points. (W2).

Others feel that the variations of points (Affis Snyders and Manker) may have been used by other cultures and not be true variations of the point (W11).

This point is similar to the Snyders point, but tends to have a longer narrower blade

Other points in this Cluster:
Point Validity:   Valid Type

Griffin is a distinguished anthropologist and professor for the Department of Anthropology at the University of Michigan.  He conducted extensive studies and excavations in the Ohio River valley including excavations at the Norton Mounds.  This type was named in a professional publication and has many professional references.  This is considered a valid type.














































Age Details:
Pictures Provided By:
Western Artifacts

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References: (See Reference Page, Entry Number):

30, W2, W11
Norton Projectile Point, Norton Arrowhead