Affinis Snyder Projectile Point, Affinis Snyders Arrowhead
Name Details:
Named By:  Howard D. Winters
Named For
Date Identified:  1963
Type Site:  Various sites, Wabash Valley, Illinois
 Affinis Snyders
Cluster: Snyders Cluster

2,200 - 1,800 B.P.
Roman Warm
Hopewellian Culture

Cultural Period:  
Glacial Period:     

Outline is Representative of Common Size and Shape:

Description of Physical Characteristics and Flaking Pattern:

This is a thick medium triangular corner notch point with an elliptical cross section.  The blade is primarily straight, but may rarely be excurvate.  The blade is generally short and wide.  The shoulders are barbed with a short expanding stem.  The base is convex.  This point has a random flaking pattern.   

Size Measurements:  Length - 42 to 70 mm,  Stem Length - 12 to 23 mm,  Width - 31 to 60 mm (average 40 mm),  Stem Width - 21 to 40 mm (average 27 mm),  Neck Width - 19 to 25 mm,  Thickness - 8 to 9 mm














































Distribution Comments:
This point is primarily recognized in the Wabash Valley of southeastern Illinois, Indiana, and into western Ohio.  They have been reported into southern Ohio and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.  However, they may have the same distribution as the Snyders type.
Similar Points:
Amos, Becker, Big Creek, Cupp, Dayton, Epps, Grand, Helton, Kings, Kirk Corner Notch, Lafayette, Motley, St Charles Dovetail, Stilwell, Thebes, Warrick
Related / Associated Points:
Grand, Hopewell, Mackinaw, Manker, North Blade, Ross, Ross Blade, Snyders
Additional Comments:

These points may have served many different purposes from knives to scrappers or points to ceremonial objects.  The Snyders point has many different variations that served different purposes or covered different time spans.  It is felt that the Hopewell and Snyders points may have been used in ceremonial purposes while the Affinis Snyders point and the Manker point were more of the daily use points. (W2).

Others feel that the variations of points (Affinis Snyders and Manker) may have been used by other cultures and not be true variations of the point (W11).

Other Websites with Detailed Information:


Affinis Snyders Projectile Point
Pictures Provided By:

References: (See Reference Page, Entry Number):

17, 23, 30, 37, W2, W11
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Other points in this Cluster:
Grand, Hopewell, Mackinaw, Manker, Snyders

Point Validity:

Winters is a distinguished anthropologist who did extensive research in Illinois.  He identified this point during the survey of the Wabash Valley in Illinois.  This point was named in a professional publication and has many professional references.  This is a valid type.



Age Details: