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Name Details:
Named By: Joffre L. Coe
Named For:  The Kirk family who owned the property of the type site.
Date Identified:  1964
Type Site: Hardaway Site, Stanly County, North Carolina
 Kirk Corner Notched
Cluster: Kirk Corner Notch Cluster 

Cultural Period:   
9,500 -8,500 B.P.
Early Archaic
Early Holocene

Glacial Period:

Outline is Representative of Common Size and Shape:

Description of Physical Characteristics and Flaking Pattern:

This is a medium to large (1.5 to 4 inches) triangular corner notched point with a flattened to elliptical cross section.  The blade is primarily excurvate, but may vary to straight or recurvate.  The blade is sometimes serrated, which may vary from fine to deep serrations, and may be beveled.  The shoulders are strongly barbed, however the barbed may become slightly weaker in examples with heavily re-worked blades.  The stem is expanding.  The base may vary from straight to concave, but infrequently are convex.  Basal grinding is rarely seen on this type of point.  This point has a random flaking pattern.

Size Measurements:  Total Length - 32 to 120 mm (55 to 70 mm average**), Stem Length - 9 to 15 mm (12 mm average),  Blade Width - 20 to 45 mm (29 to 34 mm average),  Stem Width at Base - 23 to 29 mm (25 mm average), Thickness - 5 to 10 mm




























































Distribution Comments:

This point is primarily associated with the Eastern Seaboard region of the United States, into the the Gulf Coastal region and the Tennessee River and Ohio River basins.  This point is found into the Mississippi River Basin and the Northeastern United States with decreased frequency.

Similar Points:
Brewerton Corner Notch, Crawford Creek, Kings, Lost Lake, Neuberger, Thebes, Wells Bridge
Related / Associated Points:
Kirk Stemmed, Kirk Serrated, Kirk Snapped Base
Additional Comments:
     This type has been dated as late as 7,100 B.P. in the north west (Michaels and Smith, 1967 / Kraft, 1975), but many people think these dates are too late and discount them. (Justice 2002).
     Coe (1959) states, "Following the Hardaway occupation, the style of projectile points changed to a small corner-notched serrated variety with extensive grinding along the base. Along with this the use of the small hafted snub-nosed scraper increased considerably."
     Coe (1959), feels that this point evolved from the Palmer point.  The Palmer point is noted for heavy basal grinding, while this point is not commonly ground.
     John Whatley argues that small Bolen Corner Notch would be better classified as this type and large Bolen Corner Notch would be better classified as Kirk Corner Notch (Schroder, 2013).

**There appears to be a size difference between the Tennessee River Valley and the Seaboard region.  Coe noted the average size was 70 mm from North Carolina while Cambron noted that the average size was 55 mm for Alabama.

Kirk Corner Notched Projectile PointKirk Corner Notched Projectile PointKirk Corner Notched Projectile PointKirk Corner Projectile PointKirk Corner Notched Projectile Point
Other points in this Cluster:
Amos, Angelico, Barbee, Charleston Corner Notch,

Point Validity:   Valid Type

Coe was a highly respected and pioneering anthropologist in North Carolina archaeology and a preeminent authority on eastern North American anthropology.  This type was named in a professional publication and has many professional references.  This is considered a valid type.










































Age Details:
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References: (See Reference Page, Entry Number):

8, 12, 23, 30, 37, 178, W2, W10, W11, W18
Kirk Corner Notch Projectile Point, Kirk Corner Notch Arrowhead