Name Details:
Named By:  Robert F. Heizer and  Martin A. Baumhoff
Named For:  County Type Site is located
Date Identified:  1961
Type Site: South Fork Shelter, Elko County, Nevada
Elko Corner Notch
Cluster: Elko Cluster

Commonly Utilized Material:
Primarily obsidian followed by locally available materials.

 3,500 - 1,400 B.P.
Late to Transitional Archaic
Neoglacial to Roman Warm
Cultural Period: 
Glacial Period:   

Outline is Representative of Common Size and Shape:

Description of Physical Characteristics and Flaking Pattern:

This is a small to medium triangular corner notched point with a flattened to elliptical cross section.  The blade may range from slightly excurvate to straight.  Blades are commonly finely serrated.  The shoulders are barbed, with the barbs terminating at a sharp point.   The tips of the barbs are wider than the basal ears.  Diagonal notches enter the blade from the corner and are generally deep and narrow.  The stem is expanding with a straight to slightly concave base.  This point generally has a random flaking pattern, but may vary to a parallel oblique pattern.    


Size Measurements:  Total Length - 24 to 88 mm (average 33 to 51 mm),  Stem Length - 6 to 11 mm,  Blade Width - 15 to 52 mm (average 18 to 24 mm), Neck Width - 10 to 32 mm (typically 13 to 17 mm),  Basal Width - 13 to 42 mm (typically 10 to 20 mm narrower than the blade),  Thickness 4 to 9 mm






























































Distribution Comments:

This point is found through-out the Great Basin, into the Snake River Plain and into southeastern Oregon into the Klamath Valley.  These points may be found into the northern Colorado Plateau.  They are found westward into the Sacramento River Valley.  These points are found southward into Mexico.

Similar Points:
Amargosa, Columbia Plateau, Eastgate, Hells Canyon, Hendricks, Merrybelle, Snake River
Related / Associated Points:
Elko Eared, Elko Side Notch, Elko Split Stem
Additional Comments:

Elko Eared points appear earlier than the similar Elko Corner Notch points.  They also peaked in usage before the peak of the Elko Corner Notch points.  This pattern may also be seen at Shallow Shelter which had a concentration of Elko Eared points found in the same strata as Pinto points with Elko Corner Notch points having a higher concentration in the strata above the Elko Eared layer.  However, other sites (Ex. Gatecliff Shelter) there are not temporal difference between the two points (Justice, 2002).

Elko Eared and Elko Corner Notch may represent a continuum of technology which may make distinguishing between the two types difficult.  Both types may have a concaved base, but Thomas (1981) distinguished the two types based on the depth of the concaved base.  He identified point with an indention ration of 0.93 or less as a Elko Corner Notch, and points with an indent ration greater than 0.93 as Elko Eared.

Homer (1980) tried to distinguish statistically the difference between the Elko Corner Notch and the Elko Side Notch.  He the the two represented a continuum and there was not distinguishable difference.  The Side Notch form may represent changes due to re-sharpening of the blade, or the difference may be due to placement of the notches higher on the blade to maximize basal width (Justice, 2002).
Elko Eared Projectile PointElko Corner NotchedElko Corner NotchedElko Corner NotchedElko Corner NotchedElko Corner NotchedElko Projectile PointElko Corner NotchedElko Corner Notched
Other points in this Cluster:
Amargosa, Elko Corner Notch, Elko Side Notch

Point Validity:  Valid Type

Heizer was an eminent anthropologist and a professor at the University of California – Berkley.  Heizer was influential in promoting our understanding of the archaeology of California and Nevada.  Baumhoff was a distinguished anthropologist and serves as the Chair in the Department of Anthropology, University of California – Berkley.  He conducted extensive studies into the archaeology of California.  This type was named in a professional publication and has many professional references.  This is considered a valid type.


































Age Details:
Pictures Provided By:
Cassie Hunt
Glinda Addington
Jordan Lammert
William Scheffler
Western Artifacts
Windy City Artifacts

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References: (See Reference Page, Entry Number):

16, 23, 30
Elko Corner Notch Projectile Point, Elko Corner Notch Arrowhead