Name Details:
Named By: Charles E. Cleland and Richard Peske
Named For:  Type Site
Date Identified:  1968
Type Site:  Spider Cave Site, Burnt Bluff Caves,  Delta County, Michigan
 Burnt Bluff
Cluster: Snyders Cluster

Commonly Utilized Material:

Cultural Period:   
Glacial Period:    

2,500 - 1,500 B.P.
Late Archaic to Woodland
Roman Warm
Hopewell Culture

Outline is Representative of Common Size and Shape:

Description of Physical Characteristics and Flaking Pattern:

This is a medium triangular corner notch point with an elliptical cross section.  The blade ranges from slightly excurvate tot straight.  The blade is generally short and wide.  The shoulders vary from horizontal to having a slightly upward angle.  The stem is expanding with a convex base.  This point has a random flaking pattern. 

Size Measurements:  Data Needed   



























































Distribution Comments:

his point is primarily recognized in the Wabash Valley of southeastern Illinois, Indiana, and into western Ohio.  They have been reported into southern Ohio and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.  However, they may have the same distribution as the Snyders type.  

Similar Points:
Amos, Becker, Big Creek, Cupp, Dayton, Epps, Gibson, Grand, Helton, Kings, Kirk Corner Notch, Lafayette, Motley, St Charles Dovetail, Stilwell, Thebes, Warrick
Related / Associated Points:
Additional Comments:

These points may have served many different purposes from knives to scrappers or points to ceremonial objects.  The Snyders point has many different variations that served different purposes or covered different time spans.  It is felt that the Hopewell and Snyders points may have been used in ceremonial purposes while the Affis Snyders point and the Manker point and other smaller variations may have been daily use points. (W2).

This type has limited references.  This may be due to the overlapping characteristics with other Snyders type points which makes this type difficult to distinguish from other Snyder types.

Other Websites with Detailed Information:


Pictures Provided By:

References: (See Reference Page, Entry Number):

30, 37
Do you see information that is incorrect on this page, or do you have information that should be added?  If so, please:

Send Us A Message
or e-mail

Other points in this Cluster:
Affis Snyders, Grand, Hopewell, Mackinaw, Manker, Ross, Snyders

Point Validity:  Provisional Type

Cleland is a distinguished anthropologist and Professor Emeritus at Michigan State University.  He received the 2012 Distinguished Career Award.  Peske was an archaeologist and an instructor / counselor at the University of Wisconsin.  He studied the effects of climate change on prehistoric cultures of Wisconsin.  This type was named in a professional publication, but has limited professional references to this type.  This is considered a provisional type needed greater professional recognition.
























Age Details:
Burnt Bluff Projectile Point, Burnt Bluff Arrowhead